COUNCIL OPINION on the updated convergence programme of the Czech Republic, 2009-2012; published OJEU 28.5.2010 C 138/1.
In the wake of the financial and economic crisis, this is how the Council introduced the state of the Czech public economy:
The global crisis had a strong impact on the Czech economy. Following a three-year period of growth above 6 %, real GDP grew by only 2.5 % in 2008 and declined by 4 % in 2009, according to the updated convergence programme. The economy was mainly affected through the trade channel, but also through confidence effects, a tightening of credit conditions, and shrinking foreign investment inflows. The authorities reacted determinedly to the crisis.
The Czech National Bank reduced its key policy interest rate from 3.75 % in mid-2008 to 1 % currently, and the government designed and implemented a sizeable fiscal stimulus package in line with the European Economic Recovery Plan (EERP), amounting to 2,2 % of GDP in 2009. The Czech koruna depreciated by about one fifth against the euro between mid-July 2008 and mid-February 2009 (it then appreciated by some 14 % by mid-February 2010). In the current immediate post-crisis period, the Czech economy does not suffer from important macroeconomic vulnerabilities. The main challenge is to reduce the high structural government deficit, estimated at around 6 % of GDP in 2009, to a sustainable level. Furthermore, it is also important to ensure a rapid adjustment of the labour market to the downturn and progress towards long-lasting convergence. On 2 December 2009, in view of the planned deficit for 2009, the Council decided on the existence of an excessive deficit and issued recommendations to bring the deficit below the 3 % of GDP threshold by 2013.
After discussing various aspects and assumptions, with a view to sustainable convergence, the Council invited the Czech Republic to:
(i) implement the 2010 budget rigorously and avoid expenditure slippages; in line with the Council Recommendation under Article 126(7), target, in the context of the 2011 and 2012 budgets, a larger budgetary adjustment than the one planned in the programme and specify in more detail the measures that are necessary to correct the excessive deficit by 2013 at the latest;
(ii) take action to improve budgetary procedures and to enforce and monitor more rigorously the medium-term budgetary targets; in particular, avoid upward revisions of expenditure ceilings beyond the revisions permitted by the budgetary rules;
(iii) implement the necessary reforms in order to improve the long-term sustainability of public finances.
The Czech Republic is also invited to add in its next update of the convergence programme more substantial information in the separate chapter on progress made to bring the excessive deficit situation to an end, as requested by the Council in its recommendations under Article 126(7) of 2 December 2009.
Since the date of the Council opinion on the Czech Republic, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Commission have published their convergence reports, which contain more detail and allow for comparison with other euro area hopefuls.
The ECB Convergence Report 2010 was published 12 May 2010. The 359 page report is available on the ECB website in 21 languages.
The Commission’s Convergence Report 2010 was published 12 May 2010 under the responsibility of the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs (226 pages).
The 2010 convergence reports examine nine countries, committed by the treaty to adopt the euro: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden.