On the basis of Article 175(1) of the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC) a recast Directive has been issued on the contained use of GMMs:
Directive 2009/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms (Recast).
This text, with EEA relevance, was published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) 21.5.2009 L 125/75.
The aim of Directive 2009/41 is:
This Directive lays down common measures for the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms with a view to protecting human health and the environment.